Item 31. Interventions occur outside of the 90 minutes of core
Students who are at-risk for reading difficulties require more support than a student who is on-track for being a proficient reader. This support should be provided in addition to the 90 minutes of core reading instruction. This additional support allows for targeted instruction that is more explicit and systematic, provided in a smaller group size, and matched to a specific area of need (e.g. in reading we could target Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Oral Reading Fluency, Vocabulary, or Comprehension). There is a lack of evidence of effectiveness of interventions that supplant core instruction, rather than the recommendation to supplement the core with additional intervention time.